Saturday, June 16, 2012

Coelogyne pandurata

Black orchid (Coelogyne pandurata) is a species orchid that grows only on the island of Borneo. Currently, habitat black orchid has decreased considerable amount due to the shrinking of forest cover in Kalimantan, but it can still be found in nature reserves Luway grit (Conservation area)in very small amounts. It is estimated higher numbers in the hands of the orchids collectors.
Characteristics of Plants
Coelogyne pandurata has a black tongue (labellum) with a few lines of green and hairy. Sepals and petals light green. The flowers are quite fragrant and usually bloom in March and June.
Black orchid is included simpodial with a swollen bulb shape at the bottom and leaves sticking out on it. Each bulb has only two leaves. The leaves themselves at a glance looks like a young coconut leaves on shoots.
Coelogyne pandurata
Black Orchid is an epiphytic orchid species and simpodial (limited stem growth). This orchid has a shape, color, aroma is very interesting. Orchid leaves black-green oval-shaped with a length ranging between 40-50 cm and a width between 2 -10 cm. While the fruit black or black orchids. Orchids are ellipsoid with a length of about 7 cm and a width between 2-3 cm. Petals pale green and black of the tongue showed an exotic orchids. The black of the tongue is nature and rare black, so it can be the source plant breeding experts to produce new hybrids with attractive flower.  In general, black orchid taxonomy :
Kingdom: Plantae
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta
Super Division: Spermatophyta
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Sub Class: Liliidae
Order: Orchidales
Family: Orchidaceae
Genus: Coelogyne
Species: Coelogyne pandurata
Close relatives of: Orchid Pearl (Coelogyne asperata), Orchid brown (Coelogyne verrucosa)
Labellum Coelogyne pandurata

Ecology and Growing Conditions

Black orchid is epiphytic orchids whose life on the host. The spread of this plant in Borneo and Sumatra, with the habitat of living in old trees near the river in primary forest (high relative humidity). This plant grows in lowland and mountain areas (dipertocarpt) above sea level with an altitude of 1000-1500 mdpl. Relative humidity (RH) needed for orchids ranged from 60-85%.

Friday, June 15, 2012

mencegah bau mulut^^

Bad breath (Bau mulut, bahasa inggrisnya apa ya?) is oral health problems most often complained of by patients, other than toothache. Bad breath  most caused by oral hygiene problems. Bad breath can also caused a specific health condition or disease.

There are some things that you can do to prevent bad breath:
1. Brush teeth after eat and before go to bed. Do flossing at least once a day. The use of mouthwash only help freshen breath for a while. Without a toothbrush and flossing to clean, will not be effective mouthwash eliminate bad breath.
2. Brush the tongue. Brush tongue can be done by using a toothbrush or a special tongue brushes are sold in supermarkets or department stores. Surface of the tongue brushed up 5-15 times, especially the central part of the tongue.
3. When using a removable denture or removable braces, do not forget to always clean up these loose tools on a regular basis.
4. Keep your mouth moist, either by drinking enough water (not coffee or soft drink), or by chewing xylitol gum or such candy that does not contain sugar.
5. Replaced brush teeth every 3 months.
6. Check your teeth at the dentist, at least 6 months.

please toothbrush regularly and remember is it any holes in teeth or not. . if there're hole please patch to the dentist. and don't forget to clean tartar (scaling) too. Tooth cavities and tartar that has accumulated cause bad breath.
Remember, mouthwash or chewing scented, or mouth spray aren't the solution to eliminate bad breath. These things were only to help eliminate bad breath for a while. If the effect is lost, bad breath is definitely pushed back.

happy smile ^^, keep spirit^^,hahahahahaha

Wednesday, June 13, 2012

tomcat-Paederus fasciatus

Tomcat is also known as the Semai Ants/ Kayap Ants. but basically tomcat is included in this type of beetle. This beetle has a length of approximately 1 cm. Its body is dark yellow at the top, dark colored abdomen and head. The middle of a dark green abdomen has a pair of hard wings , these beetles appear crawling in the region around the wings and hide it in one look more like ants. When disturbed these beetles will raise the abdomen to look like  kalajengking to frighten the enemy.

                                                           Image. (Paederus fasciatus)

Tomcat (Paederus fasciatus) is the kind of insects do not bite or sting. Tomcat will automatically discharge when in contact or collide with human skin. Tomcat (Paederus fasciatus) will also issue liquid toxic at such as clothes, towels, or other.

In the body of Tomcat, there is a liquid toxic that supposedly 12 times more lethal than cobra venom though!  Fluid Hemolimf or toxins are also known as aederin.

Insects Tomcat will automatically discharge when in contact or collide with human skin directly. It could also touch indirectly through towels, clothes or other equipment that is contaminated by toxic tomcat. If you have been hit by automatic dermatitis, bed linens, towels and other items allegedly exposed to toxic tomcat should be cleaned.

Contact with the beetle will cause conjunctivitis and skin diseases are known as ': dermatitis linearis'.

 if tomcat attached to the body should not be touched driven by wind-blown course and when it is exposed to the poison should be washed with soapy water and then give ointments and antibiotics.
Typically 1% hydrocortisone ointment or antibiotic neomycin sulfate betametasone and 3 times daily or Acyclovir 5%.

These insects have habitat in the rice fields, forests and urban parks. Typically, these insects eat other insects egg-eating leaves.

buah talok (cherry)

Cherry or  Talok is the name of the fruits are small and sweet can reach 12 m, but generally the tree is only about 3-6 m. These trees are always green and continuous flowering and fruiting throughout the year. the tree have horizontal branches, hanging on the end; forming a leafy shade. Smooth-haired twigs mixed with glandular hairs, as well leaves. the leaves lie flat, alternate; leaf blade is not symmetrical round eggs lanceolate, serrated edges and pointy, the size of the leaves are about 1-4 × 4-14 cm, below the gray-haired meetings; short-stemmed. Flowers contain 1-3 (-5) florets, located in the armpits rather on the upper leaf growth; long-stemmed; androgynous ; in petals, Taju tapered thread form, smooth-haired; crown flat-brimmed, round eggs upside down, thin white, bald, lk. 1 cm. Stamens numerous, 10 to more than 100 pieces. Flowers that bloom stand out, to the leaf blades; a long-stemmed fruit Buni, almost perfectly round, 1 to 1.5 cm diameter, yellow-green when young, and finally red when ripe, crowned with the rest of the stalk buds that do not fall five black stars similar angle. Contain several thousand tiny seeds, smooth, yellowish white; immersed in flesh and sweet juice.

Cherry/ Talok wood soft and easy to dry, very useful as firewood. Easy to peel the bark is used as a rope and cloth napkins. The leaves can be used as a kind of tea.

as food for fruit-eating birds, such as merbah and chilies bird, and types of bats. Cherry seeds are not digested by birds so both groups also functions as scatter the seeds.

Cherry/ Talok trees are particularly useful as a shade tree on the roadside. This small tree is often grown as a seedling initially logging on the curb, gutter, or cracks appear in the middle of the floor wall or fence, and eventually grow quickly, are usually self, growing as shade trees. Because that's cherry tree is often found in urban areas and densely crowded, on the edge of the sidewalk and parking lot, on the banks of the river are not neglected or in places where the usual prolonged dry.

Due to the properties and durability, the cherry one pioneer plants found in areas of human settlements in the tropics. Originating from tropical America (southern Mexico, Caribbean, Central America down to Peru and Bolivia), cherry was brought into the Philippines in the late-19th century, and then quickly spread throughout the tropical regions of Southeast Asia.

The classification of Talok/ Cherry are:
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliaphyta
Class: Magnoliapsida
Order: Malvales
Family: Muntingiaceae
Genus: Muntingia
Species: Muntingia calabura

                            Image. The fruit, flowers, leaves and tree trunks Talok (Muntingia calabura).

Cherry/ Talok fruit  per 100 grams contained:
water (77.8 grams), protein (0.384 grams), fat (1.56 gram), carbohydrate (17.9 grams), fiber (4.6 grams), ash (1.14 g), calcium (124, 6 mg), phosphorus (84mg), Iron (1.18 mg), carotene (0.019 g), tianin (0.065 g), ribofalin (0.037 g), niacin (0.554 g) and vitamin C content (80.5 mg).
The resulting energy values ​​are 380KJ/100 gram. The cherry leaf  used as a traditional medicinal plant  as a headache and anti-inflammatory in Peru.

In the cherry  has been research that these plants include:

A. Antiseptic

Content and was able to cherry leaf decoction a dangerous microbe and used as anti-septic. From research can be used to kill bacteria C.Diptheriea, S. Aureus, P vulgaris, S and K Epidemidis Rizhophil on experiments conducted in vitro

2. Antiflamasi

Cherry decoction of the leaves also have anti-inflammatory reduce inflammation (antiflamasi) and also lower the heat, these data from animal studies using mice as a research object

3. Antitumor

The content of flavonoid compounds contained in the leaves have turned cherry can inhibit cancer cell growth (mouse hapatoma) by laboratories that conducted by scientists from peru.

4. Anti Uric Acid (Gout)

In Indonesia cherry fruit has been traditionally used to treat gout by eating a cherry for 9 items 3 times a day. It is proven to relieve pain caused from gout page.

health with fruits

Every color of the fruits, fortified with vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other essential compounds that provide beneficial effects to the body. By eating colorfull fruits, we can get a variety of nutrients. Netdoctor (11/6) tell  kind of fruit that must eat, there are :
Red, Tomato
Although considered a vegetable, in fact the tomato is a fruit. Tomatoes are good sources of lycopene (red pigment) that can protect body from the dangers of some types of cancer, such as lung cancer, breast and prostate.
Lycope shown to provide protection against prostate cancer in men. Numerous studies found that intake of tomatoes and tomato products  (such as pasta sauce) was associated a lower risk of prostate cancer.

Blue, Blueberry
Blueberries are rich in carotenoids and anthocyanins, which act as powerful antioxidants that protect cells from damage. These antioxidants help reduce the risk of cancer, stroke and heart disease. Anthocyanins in blueberries work well as anti-allergic, anti-inflamasi, anti-microbial and anti-cancer properties.
Research shown that eat blueberries regularly improve memory function, protecting urinary tract, as well as several eye disorders, such as macular degeneration, cataracts and eye infections.
Purple, Grape
Grape rich of resveratrol, a powerful antioxidant help clean the blood vessels, reducing  risk of stroke and heart disease by altering the molecular mechanism in blood vessels.
Resveratrol also  provide protection against colon cancer, prostate cancer, neurological and Alzheimer's disease.
Research showed that resveratrol could reduce the production of fat cells and increases the absorption of sugar from the blood.
Yellow, Lemon
Lemon is a rich source of vitamin C which is the most powerful antioxidants to fight sign of premature aging of the skin and helps boost the immune system.
In addition, vitamin C have antibacterial properties, so it can help relieve throat infections.
The fruit is also rich in limonoids, which may help fight certain cancers, like breast cancer, lung, skin, intestines and stomach, by detoxifying cancer-producing substances.

Thursday, June 7, 2012

ulet sutera 'dayang sumbi'

ini adalah paket liburan ku ke bandung mei lalu,, selain saung angklung, aku juga sangat senang liburan ke tempat budidaya ulat sutra di padepokan dayang sumbi. padepokan ini terletak terletak di Bandung Timur, Kampung Pamoyanan, Desa Mekarmanik, Jl.Arcamanik Kecamatan Cimenyan Kabupaten Bandung. Padepokan ini merupakan pelopor Wisata Ilmu Budidaya Ulat Sutera pertama di Indonesia lho. . 
ini dia peta nya : 
gambar. peta menuju padepokan dayang sumbi

Proses Pembuatan  Sutra dihasilkan dari kepompong ulat sutra. Ulat sutra menghasilkan kepompong yang dapat dipintal menjadi serat sutra. Ada ratusan jenis ulat sutra, namun sutra yang terbaik dihasilkan oleh kepompong dari ulat sutra pohon murbei yang memiliki nama ilmiah Bombyx mori.
berikut merupakan klasifikasi dari Bombyx mori L. :

   Kingdom     : Animalia
   Filum           : Arthropoda
   Sub Filum    : Mandibulata
   Class           : Insecta
   Sub Class    : Pterygota
   Ordo           : Lepidoptera
   Family         : Bombycidae
   Genus          : Bombyx

Bombyx mori termasuk ke dalam ordo Lepidoptera, memiliki tipe metamorphosis sempuna dimana terdapat tahapan telur-larva-pupa-imago. Ketika telur ulat sutera menetas maka akan keluar larva yang berwarna hitam, kemudian larva tersebut akan melewati beberapa instar sehingga menjadi pupa. Instar tersebut ditandai dengan adanya proses ganti kulit yang dialami oleh ulat tersebut. Proses dari menetas sampai ganti kulit pertama disebut instar pertama, ganti kulit kedua sampai ganti kulit kedua disebut instar kedua dan seterusnya

Makanan yang biasa dikonsumsi oleh ulat sutera adalah daun murbei. Biasanya daun yang digunakan untuk makanan ulat sutera diambil dari daun 2 – 4 dari pucuk tanaman. Karena apabila terlalu muda atau terlalu tua daun tersebut, maka ulat sutera tidak dapat menkonsumsinya. Usahakan daun yang digunakan jangan basah, karena kondisi tersebut tidak cukup bagus untuk pertumbuhan ulat sutera.

Ulat sutera membuat kokon, untuk melindungi diri selama menjalani fase metamorfosa sebagai pupa. Fase ini lebih kurang membutuhkan waktu dua pekan. Ketika baru menetas, ulat hanya memiliki panjang tiga milimeter. Setelah sehari, ulat bertambah panjang menjadi sekitar tujuh milimeter. Selama menjalani fase larva, ulat sutera mengalami empat kali ganti kulit dan lima periode makan. Periode makan ini disebut Instar.
Sebutan Mori di belakang Bombyx Mori atau ulat sutera, merujuk pada makanannya, daun murbei. Bentuk fisik ulat sutera sangat khas. Fisik ulat sutera terbagi ke dalam tiga bagian utama. Yakni kepala, bagian thorax, serta abdomen atau tubuh. Di bagian kepala terdapat antena sebagai organ syaraf perasa. Ada rahang untuk mengunyah makanan. Ada pula mata dan masih ada spinneret, tempat keluarnya filamen sutera. Siklus hidup ulat sutera sejak bayi hingga masa kawin serta bertelur hanya berlangsung selama kisaran waktu satu bulan. Kupu-kupu melewati fase perkembangan hidup sebagai pupa kurang lebih dua pekan. Kupu-kupu baru bisa keluar setelah mengeluarkan cairan liur, khusus untuk melubangi kokon rumah serat sutera yang dibangunnya selama tiga hingga lima hari tanpa henti.

induk sutra dapat menelurkan hingga 500 butir telur ulat sutra seukuran kepala jarum pentul. Setelah sekitar 20 hari, telur tersebut menetas menjadi larva ulat yang sangat kecil. Larva ulat ini akan memakan daun murbei dengan agresif. Sekitar 18 hari kemudian, ukuran badan larva ulat tersebut telah membesar hingga 70 kali ukuran tubuh semula serta empat kali mengganti cangkangnya. Kemudian larva ulat tersebut akan terus membesar hingga beratnya mencapai 10.000 kali berat semula. Pada saat itu ulat sutra akan berwarna kekuningan dan lebih padat. Itulah tanda ulat sutra akan mulai membungkus dirinya dengan kepompong.
Kemudian kepompong direbus agar larva ulat di dalamnya mati. Karena jika dibiarkan, ulat akan matang lalu menggigiti kepompongnya sehingga tidak bisa digunakan lagi. Setelah ulat mati, serat di kepompong dapat diuraikan menjadi serat sutra yang sangat halus.
Satu buah kepompong sutra dapat menghasilkan untaian serat sepanjang 300 meter hingga 900 meter dengan diameter 10 mikrometer (1/1000 milimeter). 
 Kemudian serat sutra yang halus tersebut dipintal. Serat sutra dipintal dengan proses yang menyerupai proses pada saat ulat sutra memintal kepompongnya. Proses itulah yang dibuat menjadi alat pemintalan serat sutra untuk dibuat menjadi kain sutra yang indah. Bahan kain dari sutra inilah yang kemudian dibuat menjadi berbagai produk pakaian maupun produk lainnya.
gambar. tak lupa untuk narsis ceria^^,hahaha

my angklung

hah. .senangnya satu langkah beban hidupku terlewati.. skripsi/ tugas akhir terselesaikan juga, alhamdulilah. ujian pendadaran yang menyita seluruh jiwa, hati dan pikiranku akhirnya berlalu juga. thanks to all.^^. 

awal mei lalu aku dapet kesempatan : vacation to Bandung. Ayee. .seneng deh, namun sayang sang adinda tercinta tak dapat ikut serta karena sibuk kuliah, (semangat ya dek,hehehe). Bandung kota kembang. . dalam wisata di bandung ini kita berwisata ke berbagai tempat, wisata pertama yang kita kunjungi adalah ke Ciater (pemandian air panas), lalu diikuti tangkuban parahu, cihampelas, cibaduyut, tempat ular sutra, dan terakhir saung angklung mang udjo. . diantara tempat-tempat tersebut yang paling berkesan menurutku adalah di saung angklung mang udjo di jl. Padasuka no.118, Bandung. tempatnya asri, banyak bambu, dan pas itu rame bangget deh. .ternyata Saung angklung ini sangat digemari masyarakat lho, tak hanya wisatawan domestik bahkan mancanegara pun tertarik untuk mengunjungi tempat ini lho. . selain itu juga banyak mahasiswa/ siswa sekolah yang berbondong2 melihat pertunjukan di Saung angklung ini. 

Angklung adalah salah satu alat musik traditional khas Jawa Barat yang terbuat dari bambu, dan sudah ditetapkan UNESCO sebagai warisan budaya dunia. Untuk memainkannya, Anda cukup menggoyangkan dan menggetarkan angklung dengan tangan. Pada zaman dulu, angklung digunakan saat ritual keagamaan. Khususnya, digunakan sebagai media pengundang Dewi Sri, biasa disebut Dewi Padi atau kesuburan, untuk turun ke bumi dan memberikan kesuburan pada tanaman. 

sebelum masuk saung angklung udjo kita harus beli tiket dulu harganya Rp. 50.000,00 trus masuk masing - masing di beri selebaran (berisi jadwal pertunjukan dan deskripsinya). saat memasuki tempat pertunjukan kita disambut dengan di kalungi kalung angklung kecil lucu lho. . trus masuk kita disuguhi  wedang bajigur. Pertunjukan di saung nagklung udjo ini dilakukan setiap hari.  Pertunjukan saung angklung mang udjo di mulai pukul 15.30-17.30 . di awali dengan pembukaan oleh teteh - teteh cantik dan disusul dengan pertunjukan wayang cepot, pertunjukan angklung dengan berbagai kreasi, tari - tari dan Setiap orang, nantinya akan diberi satu angklung dan diajari cara memainkan angklung dengan benar.

saat itu aku dapet nada 3 'mi'.selain itu kita juga di ajari bermain dengan memainkan lagu. .rameee bangget deh,,pokoknya amazing bangget. dan di akhir acara kita ber-sayonara berpisah dengan melakukan tari - tari bersama penonton bagian depan. 

setelah puas melihat pertunjukan dan belajar angklung, kita dapat membeli cindera mata di samping tempat perrtunjukan, disana ada bermacam-macam cindera mata yang harganya cukup terjangkau. ada angklung, suling bambu, kain batik, tas, kaos, gantungan kunci, dsb pokoknya komplit deh dan pastinya khas saung angklung yaitu terbuat dari bambu. . 

gambar. tari - tari (lupa nama tari apa?,hahaha)